Dirt and debris are trapped in the motor air filters to cool the motor. Damage to the motor can be prevented with the filter. In most vacuums, the motor air filter can't be washed and reused, so it's better to replace it when it's dirty.
Dust and pollutants from the dirt collection chamber are trapped by the exhaust filter. If you want to extend the life of the filter, you can clean it by shaking it or wiping it. Don't replace the filter if it's not effective in cleaning it.
The fan moves the air from the intake at the cleaning head to the dirt collection chamber with the help of a motor. Don't replace the motor if it doesn't work.
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